The main uses of bisphenol F and bisphenol S are the same as those for bisphenol A: bisphenol F is thus used in epoxy resins and thermal papers. Bisphenol S is used in epoxy resins, polycarbonate, polyethersulfone, thermal papers, phenolic resins and polyester resins.
No data exist on the quantity of bisphenol F produced or imported in France or Europe, but the quantities in question are in all likelihood low. According to the data recorded by ECHA in 2014, between 1,000 and 10,000 tons of bisphenol S are produced or imported in Europe each year.
There is not much information available on bisphenol F and S emissions into the environment (all environments combined) or the presence of those substances in the environment.
Bisphenol F and S substitution solutions exist, in particular for manufacturing polycarbonates, epoxy resins and thermal papers. In fact, in general, due to the closeness of the main uses of BPF and BPS to those of BPA, it appears that most alternative substances to BPA and most alternative materials to BPA-based materials can be considered alternative substances to bisphenols F and S and/or BPF- and BPS-based materials.
Nevertheless, during this study, it was not possible to identify alternatives to the few rare specific uses of BPF and BPS.
In April, 2015, this document was enriched with information on uses concerning some other bisphenols. Indeed, there is a large number of bisphenols, among which some (bisphenols Z and TMC in particular) find applications in epoxy resins, polycarbonates, or benzoxazines resins.
INERIS has produced "technical-economic" datasheets for more than 200 chemical substances. They may be viewed at http://www.ineris.fr/substances/fr/, "technical-economic" section.